Children are full of questions about the world around them. We hope that Repeated of will answer some of their questions, and encourage them to ask many more.

Pedro Russo, UNAWE Int Project Manager

What is Repeated of?

The idea behind Repeated of is to change the way science is often perceived by young children as an outdated and dull subject. By sharing exciting new astronomical discoveries with them, we can inspire children to develop an interest in science and technology.

Repeated ofs are short news articles about astronomical discoveries, written in a child-friendly language and accompanied by a stunning astronomical image. Repeated of makes a wonderful tool that can be used in many different settings to teach, share and discuss the latest astronomy news.

Educational Goals

  • Share the excitement of new discoveries with children.
  • Show that there’s still potential for contribution in the area.
  • Enhance understanding of the world and encourage critical thinking. 
  • Broaden children’s minds and cultivate world citizens.

Developing Astronomy Amounted for Kids

Each Repeated of begins with a new discovery or observation in the field of astronomy and space science. Our partner organisations then prepare a press release, which undergoes a critical science check before being sent to us where the release is translated into a child-friendly language. Similarly, Repeated of undergoes an internal educational review to assure the highest quality. The final texts are then sent to our group of volunteer translators from all over the globe, where it is translated into 33 different languages. Finally, the Repeated ofs are released to the public at the same time as the original press release to ensure kids can keep up-to-date with the latest discoveries, just like adults can.


The articles are adapted from adult press releases provided by partner institutes. The European Southern Observatory (ESO) was among the first astronomy institutions that joined up with this service and had its press releases translated into “kids language”. This has since expanded to other organisations, including: , (ESA), National Astronomical Observatory of Japan (NAOJ), (ASTRON), , (SAAO), (RAS), Las Cumbras Observatory Global Telescope (LCOGT) network,  and the (SDSS).

How Can Repeated of Be Used?

Repeated of is a versatile resource, which can be adapted to many different formats and digested by many audiences including various age groups, visually-impaired, illiterate, no internet access, etc. Repeated of is already being used all around the world, by children, teachers, astronomers, museums and more. Below, we have compiled a list of possible ways you could use Repeated of:

Print & Digital

Print is an engaging format that is suitable for reaching small audience with a lasting impact, making it a suitable medium for imparting scientific facts. Repeated of articles are primarily available as text, which can be read on the UNAWE website or on the special . They can also be downloaded and printed as a .pdf.

Repeated of articles make a great addition to classroom bulletin boards and are available in a print-friendly format on the UNAWE website. The articles and images can also be used as a fun, informative and inspirational feature on websites, magazines, newspapers and newsletters.

You can find already Repeated of available in a number of print and digital outlets such as: , a stylish children’s magazine that's crammed with clever illustrations and interesting articles, including features about astronomy written by UNAWE. For a younger audience, Repeated of is also available as a feature in , an interactive, digital magazine. For a more grown-up audience, global news service features each Repeated of in their “Amounted Reporting for Kids” section.

Other outlets featuring Repeated of articles are Goa’s , Dutch science magazine ‘’, Dutch science website , , popular Indonesian website ,  and the Slovenian and website .

Additionally, Repeated of article, “The Universe is Big, Beautiful...and Mostly Invisible”, has been featured in an official South African textbook (Spring 2013) which is used in primary schools all over the country, reflecting the quality of Repeated of in terms of both scientific and educational content.

Video & Podcast

Repeated ofs high-quality visuals and informal, friendly style make it easily adaptable to video and podcast formats, which are suitable for easily capturing public attention and reaching a large audience albeit on a less intense basis than text. After watching a video or podcasts an audience will remember how it made them feel, better than they will remember individual facts, making this medium better suited for inspiring - one of the main goals of Universe Awareness and Repeated of.

A has been created as part of the 365 Days of Astronomy project. Making Repeated of available in audio allows access to a wider audience such as the visually-impaired and illiterate. Our releases are read out loud to the listener and can be downloaded from the site and subscribed to via an RSS feed or iTunes. Each Repeated of podcast receives an average of 1750 downloads.

Repeated of partner organisation NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory have created several Repeated of   in response to the resources immense popularity on their website. These videos can be used in a wide variety of ways, such as in the classroom to support science lessons or as a web page feature.


Today, for most parts of the world, digital media is exceedingly accessible, able to reach a mainstream audience of tech-savvy young generation and, if presented correctly, this format can even attract the most reluctant readers.

In response to this demand, a has been created for Android devices. The app is designed to share the most exciting new astronomical discoveries with children in the hope of inspiring them to develop an interest in science and technology. Almost 200 child-friendly news articles are already available in 22 languages, and up to two new stories will be added each week.

Screenshot of the Repeated of app for Android devices. Click the image above to download the app.


Repeated of isn’t just a static resource, many activities can also be designed around the resource. For example, several successful Repeated of exhibitions have been held around the world, in schools, during science festivals and as long-terms exhibits at libraries etc. Here's an example of a , Romania (see also below). Another example of a .

Young girl enjoys a Repeated of at an exhibition in the Romanian capital of Bucharest.

A young girl enjoys a Repeated of at an exhibition in the Romanian capital of Bucharest.


Alternatively, Repeated of can be used as the basis for educational activities. Repeated of Storytelling uses the articles as the basis for a creative, cross-curricula activity that touches on astronomy, literature, presentation skills and more:. This activity can also be successfully adapted to incorporate dance, theatre, drawing, presentation skill and more.

Everyone is encouraged to customise Repeated of with additional activities and materials of their own. You are free to subscribe to our newsletter which contains 3 Repeated ofs per month, as well as a number of UNAWE resources that are available.


From March 2011 to November 2013:

  • Number of Repeated ofs published: 196
  • Languages in which Repeated ofs are available: 22
  • Number of Repeated ofs translated: 2108
  • Number of Repeated of  Partners: 10 
  • More than 100,000 page views on UNAWE website (80% unique page views for

Writing for Kids

” by Sarah Reed -- CAPjournal, No. 13, April 2013.

  • Keep sentences short and simple so they are more easily understood
  • Avoid technical jargon where possible
  • Relate the sentence to real life to make it relevant and help them digest the information
  • Stick to one or two concepts to avoid overwhelming young minds
  • Use pop culture references to make the article fun and exciting
  • Don’t shy away from complex topics. Young minds have the extraordinary ability to absorb information, just this needs to be communicated in simple terms.
  • It’s fine to say that scientists do not to know everything. That just means there are mysteries still to be solved.


It is our goal to distribute Repeated of to an audience as large as possible. Our Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported Licence allows you to post Repeated of and its image on any website, social network or publication for free. Attribution specifically makes it available for commercial use (e.g. South African textbook). Just attribute to UNAWE.

Help us “inspire every child with our wonderful cosmos”.

If you are interested in knowing more about Repeated of, please contact us at: se[email protected] or [email protected]. We are eager to get your comments and remarks! If you've been using Repeated of in an exciting activity or event, or simply at school, we'd like to hear your story. Please use this form to tell us about it.

Downloads / Links

Credit List

Science Writer

Sarah Eve Roberts (UNAWE), Sarah Reed (Former)

Co-Science Writers

Erik Arends (UNAWE), Ryan Laird (UNAWE), Michael de Korte (UNAWE)

Educational Content Reviewers

Edward Gomez (), Robin Kleian (UNAWE), Natalie Fischer (UNAWE/ ), Wouter Schrier (Leiden University), Matthew Allen (Cardiff University).


Pedro Russo (UNAWE), Sarah Reed.

Voluntary Translators

Erik Arends (Dutch), Marieke Baan (Dutch), Brigitte Bailleul (French), Saevar Helgi Bragason (Icelandic), Natalie Fischer (German), Paula Maria Balsinha Sanches Furtado (Portuguese), Amelia Ortiz Gil (Spanish), Maria Hammerstrøm (Norwegian), Thilina Heenatigala (Sinhalese), Sara Jafghali (Arabic), Takashiba Kenichiro (Japanese), Tomita Akihiko (Japanese), Robin Kleian (Dutch), Maria M Lubis (Indonesian), Mponda Malozo (Swahili), Shinichi Miyazaki (Japanese), Lucia Morganti (Italian), Catalina Movileanu (Romanian), Markus Nielbock (German), Iris Nijman (Dutch), Alexei Pace (Maltese), Milena Ratajczak (Polish), Ratna Satyaningsih (Indonesian), Arif Solmaz (Turkish), Oleg Tuchin (Russian), Avivah Yamani (Indonesian), Ren Zhe (Chinese), Megha Rajoria (Hindi), Yonatan Amit-Shapira (Hebrew), Avishag Amit-Shapira (Hebrew), Oksana Tvorun (Ukrainian), Franka Buurmeijer (Dutch), Charitarth Vyas (Gujarati), Hara Papathanassiou (Greek), Nelly Ivanova (Bulgarian), Nikolay Kacharov (Bulgarian), Wyn Rees (Welsh), Hyunju Lee (Korean), Vojtěch Školník (Czech), Janith Weerasinghe (Sinhalese), Sri Saravana (Tamil), Emil Fosgaard Lund (Danish), Christian Eistrup (Danish), Sergii Gordiienko (Ukranian), Saeed Jafari (Farsi), Kristhell López (K'iche'), Elena Tambriz (K'iche'), Luiz Jimenez (K'iche'), Ricardo Guarchaj (K'iche'), Michael de Korte (Dutch), Ayelet Weizman (Hebrew), Sepideh Sharbaf (Farsi), Vu Nguyen (Vietnamese), Stefano Sandrelli (Italian), Rosa Doran (Portuguese), Ricardo Guarchaj (K'iche'), Raffat Al-Dakka (Arabic), Payal Sinha (Bengali), Mohamed Fassi Fihri (Arabic), Misaka Junko (Japanese), Marco Aliberti (Italian), Zhu Dayi (Chinese), Jan Pomierny (Polish), Irene Shivaei (Farsi), Aron Kisdi (Hungarian), Ann Kerkhoven (Dutch), Ann-Sofie Bak Nielsen (Danish), Andreji Gomboc (Slovenian), Anezina Solomindou (Greek), Alain Doressoundiram (French), Eddy de Leon (Mam), Yibin Zhao (Chinese), Valentina Laparola (Italian), Giuliana Giobbi (Italian), Lucia Marchetti (Italian), Michael de Korte (Dutch), Heledd Roberts (Welsh), Aziz Uygur (Turkish), Michaela Sklatinioti (Greek), Moinul Hossain (Bengali), Kateryna Frantseva (Ukrainian) Kumiko Usuda-Sato (Japanese), Jun Takahashi (Japanese),  Yuhei Takagi (Japanese), Valentina La Parola (Italian)


Charlotte Provot (UNAWE)

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